Archive for September, 2016

An Officer and a Gentleman – Hamid Hussain

Posted on September 30, 2016. Filed under: From a Services Career, Personalities, Uncategorized |

Lieutenant General Shams ur Rehman Kallue was born on 28th February 1932 in Lahore. He belonged to the Kallue clan of the Awan tribe.  This clan inhabits Khel tehsil of Mianwali district in Punjab. He belonged to a military family with several generations of connections with the army. His grandfather Risaldar Major Abdul Rehman served with 15th Lancers during the First World War. For his distinguished services and devotion to duty he was awarded the Order of British India (OBI). Abdul Rehman’s father and grandfather had also served in the Indian army.  His son Fazal ur Rehman (F.R.) Kallue graduated from Royal Military College, Sandhurst in 1927. He was commissioned in 5th Battalion of 5th Marhatta Light Infantry (MLI).  F.R. Kallue later transferred to 5th Battalion of the 8th Punjab Regiment.  In March 1947, he became the first Indian Commanding Officer (CO) of 5th Battalion of the 8th Punjab Regiment. He brought 5/8th Punjab from Phulgaon in Central Provinces to Tal.  Class composition of the battalion was fifty percent Punjabi Muslims (PM), twenty five percent Sikhs and twenty five percent Gujars.  In September 1947, Sikhs and Gujars left for India and the battalion later received Hindustani Muslim (HM) companies of 2/4th and 4/4th Bombay Grenadiers.  5/8th Punjab became 5 Baloch in the 1956 re-organization of the Pakistan Army.

Shams ur Rehman Kallue was the only surviving son of Brigadier F. R. Kallue.  He attended Doon School, Dehra Doon from where he completed his senior Cambridge. He went to the selection board to give company to his friends and in the process was also selected. He joined famous Probyn’s Horse on 25th February 1952 while the Regiment was stationed at Risalpur. He remained in command till 15th July 1972 when he handed over to Lieutenant Colonel (later Brigadier) Shamim Yasin Manto.

In the aftermath of the 1979 take over of the Grand Mosque in Mecca by extremists, Saudi Arabia was looking for foreign troops from a Muslim country to address its internal security dilemma. Pakistan sent a delegation to Saudi Arabia to listen to Saudi requirements.  The delegation consisted of Chief of Staff (COS) to President General Ziaul Haq, Lieutenant General (later General) Khalid Mahmud Arif, Secretary Defence Lieutenant General Ghulam Jilani, Foreign Secretary Agha Shahi and Finance Minister Ghulam Ishaq Khan. On return, the delegation recommended to General Zia ul Haq that Pakistan should only send advisors and trainers, but Zia overruled and agreed to deployment of a large Pakistani contingent.

In 1982, a formal agreement was signed and Saudi Pakistan Armed Forces Organization (SPAFO) headquarters was established at Riyadh.  Pakistani troops were stationed at different locations in the kingdom and numbered about 17,000.

An enlarged armoured brigade consisting of three armoured regiments, one armoured infantry battalion, one artillery regiment and other supporting elements was stationed at Tabuk.  An anti-air craft regiment as well as an artillery regiment were stationed at Khamis Mushayet while technical and EME elements were stationed at Taif. In addition, trainers from the Pakistan Air Force and Pakistan Navy were also stationed in Saudi Arabia.

In 1988, when Benazir Bhutto became Prime Minister, she chose Kallue to head the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI).  In dealing with military issues, Benazir relied on the advice of her father’s military secretary, Major General Imtiaz Ahmed and Major General Naseerullah Khan Babar.  There was friction between Benazir and the Army Chief, General Mirza Aslam Beg.  Kallue was appointed without the consent of the army chief, therefore, he did not get full support from his own organization. Kallue was put in an impossible position, where Benazir wanted him to be her ears and eyes as far as army brass was concerned, while the army chief wanted him to be loyal to his own institution, so that Benazir could be kept on a very tight leash.  Kallue could not do both, therefore, he was not effective as DGISI.

Another interesting fact is that Lieutenant General Hamid Gul as Lieutenant Colonel commanded 19th Lancers while Lieutenant General Asad Durrani as a Lieutenant Colonel commanded 39 Field Regiment in 23 Division when Kallue was GOC.  Kallue took over the ISI from Hamid Gul and handed over to Asad Durrani.

Kallue was a hard task master when it came to training, but a compassionate mentor with his subordinates. He understood basic principles of training junior officers and combined firmness with compassion.   “so long as it is not moral deprivation, exploits of young blood need to be ignored, as one cannot expect them to be tigers in war, but pussy cats in peace”.

Lieutenant General S. M. Amjad who served as adjutant of 5 Probyn’s Horse when Kallue was Commanding Officer (CO) found him a hard task master but patient and kept under the glass of his desk his commanding officer’s words, “if you do not want to let yourself down, make sure you consider all aspects bearing upon the problem at hand”. Kallue once said, “Amjad, if the books were enough, you and I could pack up and go home and the clerks could run the Regiment. They know the rules and regulations much better than us”.  The young officer had learned an object lesson in command.

Brigadier Yasub Ali Dogar who commanded a battalion (32 FF) in 23 Division, when Kallue was GOC, thinks of him as, “one of the finest leaders of men in the Pakistan Army” and considers Kallue as one of three top trainers of men.

Lieutenant General Asad Durrani who also commanded an artillery unit under Kallue remembers him as “an extra-ordinary GOC, professional performance his only requirement, no frills, and any attempt to bluff one’s way with him was the ultimate sin”.

Brigadier Muhammad Anwar Khan, who commanded an artillery regiment under Kallue, is of the view that Kallue was one of very few generals, ‘who would have the guts to hear arguments contrary to his orders or thinking’. Anwar found him fully in control of his command and ‘familiar with every inch of the operational area’.

Kallue belonged to the generation of officers who considered the regiment as their home.  He was emotionally attached to his regiment and its officers, Junior Commissioned Officers (JCOs) and Other Ranks (ORs). He kept a close watch on the careers of young officers of the Regiment.  He remained a bachelor and his time and assets were dedicated to his Regiment.  When he was asked why he was not married, he responded, “I am married, to the profession”.

Lieutenant General S. M. Amjad remembers an incident where Kallue acted more like a father rather than CO to his junior officers.  In the summer of 1969, during training, Captain (later lieutenant colonel) Sajjad Saleem’s jeep fell into a blind well and his left hand got crushed under the hinges of the wind screen. Kallue rushed him first to the advance dressing station and then to the Combined Military Hospital. The CO ensured that at least one officer stayed with Sajjad, round the clock, to help him with his ‘daily chores’ as the CO did not want the medical orderlies to do these for Sajjad. The CO also ensured that Sajjad’s parents and other family members, when visiting him, remained guests at the officers’ mess.

He was generous and magnanimous.  In 1973, then Colonel Kallue was Colonel Staff 1 Armoured Division in Multan and owned a Vespa scooter. This scooter was mostly seen in the mess and bachelor officers’ quarters of Probyn’s Horse. The only time it was seen in Kallue’s house was when it needed repairs or a gas fill.

Brigadier Asad Ali Khan remembers an incident when he was a second lieutenant and Kallue was commanding the Regiment.  Asad was to go on short leave.  He set the date of leave to start from 2nd June so that he could get his pay. A few days before the leave was to commence the adjutant asked if he wanted a ride, to Sahiwal, with the CO in his jeep.  Asad told the adjutant about his pay dilemma and Kallue arranged for the money.  Shortly thereafter, Kallue was posted out and Asad put Rupees 500 in an envelope and gave it to the new CO, who was heading for a meeting, with the request that it be given to Kallue.

A month later, Asad met Kallue at a regimental dinner. After dinner, Kallue took him outside the marquee, got the same envelope out of his pocket, and with a gentle slap to his cheek, returned the money, with a warning to the young officer never to do such a thing again.

Kallue was a thorough professional who disliked publicity and talked very little. He is one of a handful of senior officers who did not own any plot or house. The residential plot that was given to him during his service was given to the needy fellow soldiers.  He rented half portion of a house from a fellow officer, where he lived with his mother.

Colonel Maqsood Ali Khan remembers his down to earth manners.  When Kallue was head of the powerful ISI, he would often go to Maqsood’s house in Abbottabad just to relax.  Maqsood remembers that after lunch, Kallue would lie down on the carpet for an afternoon nap. Kallue was from the old school of thought, upbringing and training, who devoted his entire life in the pursuit of professionalism. He was one of the most respected and professionally dedicated officers of the Pakistan Army.

“A general who advances without coveting fame and retreats without fearing the disgrace, whose only thought is to protect his country and do good service to his sovereign, is the jewel of the kingdom”. Sun Tzu       

 

 

 

 

 

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Who is the Greatest Person that History has Forgotten? – Quora …

Posted on September 30, 2016. Filed under: Eloquence |

One…………..  The world will little note nor long remember what we say or do here – but it can Never forget what They did here ………………

Two. ………  . Full many a flower is born to blush unseen and waste its sweetness in the desert air. Full many a gem of the purest ray serene the dark unfathomed caves of oceans bear ………..

Three. ……… Is it not strange? – that of the myriads who have passed the Door of Darkness through, not one has returned to tell us of the road to learn about which we must travel too …….
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Mark Tully on Hinduism ….

Posted on September 30, 2016. Filed under: Indian Thought |

Finally, I am sometimes flabbergasted at the fact that Indians – Hindus, sorry, as most of this country’s intelligentsia is Hindu – seem to love me so much, considering the fact that in my heydays, I considerably ran down the 850 million Hindus of this country, one billion worldwide.

I have repented today: I do profoundly believe that India needs to be able to say with pride, “Yes, our civilization has a Hindu base to it.” The genius of Hinduism, the very reason it has survived so long, is that it does not stand up and fight. It changes and adapts and modernizes and absorbs – that is the scientific and proper way of going about it.

I believe that Hinduism may actually prove to be the religion of this millennium, because it can adapt itself to change.

Hindus are still slaves to MUSLIMS and CHRISTIANS. On the name of secularism, lots of facilities and cash incentives are given to Muslims and Christians. Haj subsidy is given to Muslims for Haj yatra, wages of Muslim teachers and Imams are given to Muslims are given by looting the Hindu temples.

No such subsidy is given to Hindus for going to Hindu religious places or any wages to Hindu religious priests or Hindu teachers. In fact congress secular government creates many obstacles for Hindus for going to Amarnath Yatra.

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INDUS Waters Treaty …

Posted on September 30, 2016. Filed under: Indian Thought, Uncategorized |

The Oft-forgotten India-Pakistan-China Water War – KP. Nayar The Telegraph (Sept. 23 )
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 China is quietly signalling India that any abrogation of the Indus Waters Treaty to punish its all-weather friend Pakistan will have consequences for this country as well.  Beijing’s view is that once the treaty is abrogated, it will be under no obligation to allow water from the Indus or Sutlej rivers to flow into India.
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 Indus, the largest of the six rivers covered by the 1960 treaty, originates in China, has eight per cent of the Indus river basin of 1.12 million square kilometres that runs through India and Pakistan as well. The fountainhead of this river basin lies in China.
If China decides to divert water from the Indus river in the absence of any international treaty governing the management of this precious resource, India will be deprived of 36 per cent of the river’s entire flow.
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Add to that Pakistan’s share of 63 per cent entitlement and the nightmare consequence of abrogating the treaty would be a devastated wasteland in the sub-continent spread far and wide across 3,200 kilometres covered by the river’s flow from the Tibetan plateau to Karachi where the Indus discharges its water into the Arabian Sea.
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Any Chinese action to pay back India for punishing Pakistan by using water as a weapon has the further potential to dry up 27 of this river’s tributaries, many of which sustain India’s agrarian and commercial life line. Countless canals from which cities and towns draw water for daily use would dry up, causing urban and semi-urban distress.
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 The Sutlej originates in Tibet in what Indians know as Rakshas Tal, a huge lake which the Chinese call La’áng Cuò. It enters India through the border post of Shipki La and flows into Himachal Pradesh, also eventually emptying itself into the Arabian Sea off Karachi city.

 If China decides to shut off water from Tibet that feeds the Sutlej river, huge swathes of north India would be plunged into darkness and deprived of power: water from this river flows into the Bhakra dam, the Karcham Wangtoo hydro-electric project and the Nathpa Jhakri dam which together generate at least 3,600 megawatts of electricity which lights up large parts of Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Chandigarh and Delhi.

 Since China is not a party to the Indus Water Treaty – of which the World Bank is the guardian in a manner of speaking – Beijing has not initiated any formal diplomatic moves in response to the ongoing debate in India, including comments by the external affairs ministry raising question marks about the treaty’s continued implementation.

 No demarches, no note verbale, no formal discussions backed up by any aide memoire.
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Instead a subtle message is being transmitted through Indian visitors to China who have access to decision-makers there, comments at think-tanks which are sworn to confidentiality, cocktail conversations by Chinese diplomats in capitals like New Delhi and Washington in addition to the UN in New York during the ongoing General Assembly season.
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 Such a modus operandi, now practised by both India and China, has become commonplace since relations with China nosedived in the second year of Narendra Modi’s prime ministership. Both sides now invoke third parties to convey messages to each other in the absence of mutual trust between official interlocutors.
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 This writer was at two separate events recently where a top-level Indian official, at one programe, and a high-level Chinese official, at another, conveyed messages to each other through third parties.
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 This is a far cry from the 1990s when a Chinese ambassador would drop by and have a frank, unrecorded talk with the joint secretary in the external affairs ministry in charge of China, in this instance Shiv Shankar Menon, whose feel for China as someone who grew up there is legendary. ………………………………………………A Chinese water war against India to dissuade New Delhi from denying water to Pakistan with devastating consequences will not be easy, however for India, Pakistan or China. Stopping water supplies to Pakistan after any abrogation of the Indus Water Treaty would flood extensive areas of Jammu and Kashmir and Punjab.

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Similarly, China faces a huge risk of inundation of large areas of Tibet if it stops the Indus river or the Sutlej from flowing into India.
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But the Chinese have long experience of diverting rivers bigger than either of the China-origin ones covered by the Indus Water Treaty.
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These risks may have prevented all concerned in the last 59 years from scrapping the treaty whatever may have been the temptation to do so. I ndia runs the risk of alienating the World Bank if it abrogates the treaty.
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 It is not well known that the US, the UK, Canada, (then) West Germany, Australia and New Zealand underwrote the facilitation of the treaty by contributing $1 billion (at 1959 rates) and virtually bribed Pakistan by giving it $315 million to enter into negotiations with India.
 
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Jammu and Kashmir – Facts …

Posted on September 30, 2016. Filed under: Books |

Division  % Area  % Population Population  % Muslim  % Hindu  % Sikh  % Buddhist and other
Kashmir 15.73% 54.93% 6,888,475 96.40% 2.45% 0.98% 0.17%
Jammu 25.93% 42.89% 5,378,538 33.45% 62.55% 3.30% 0.70%
Ladakh 58.33% 2.18% 274,289 46.40% 12.11% 0.82% 39.67%
Jammu and Kashmir 100% 100% 12,541,302 68.31% 28.43% 1.87% 0.89%

_*Kashmir  :  15%*_
_*Jammu   :  26%*_

_*Ladakh    :  59%*_
*85,000 sq Km comprising 85% area are not Muslim Majority.*
_Population  – 1.25 Crores_
*Kashmir :  69 Lakhs.*
_(Only 55 Lakhs speak   Kashmiri. Rest 13 lakhs speak Non kashmiri languages.)_
*Jammu : 53 Lakhs.*
_(Dogri, Punjabi, Hindi)_
*Ladakh :  03 Lakhs.* _(Ladakhi language)_
_This does not include 7.5 lakh people settled who do not have citizenship._
There are 22 districts in J&K. Out of which *only 5 Districts where separatists have the say ;
_Srinagar, Anantnag, Baramullah, Kulgam and Pulwama._
*Other 17 districts are Pro India.*
_So separatist’s writ runs in just 15% of the population which are Sunni Muslim dominated._
_Interestingly these 5 districts are far away from Pakistan Border/LOC._
*There are more than fourteen major Religious/ ethinic groups comprising 85% of the population of J&K who are Pro India.*
_These include:_
_Shias ;_
_Dogras: (Rajputs, Brahmins Mahajans);_
_Kashmiri Pandits;_
_Sikhs;_
_Buddhists ( Ladakhis );_
_Gujjars;_
_Bakarwals;_
_Paharis;_
_Baltis;_
_Christians many more._
*Majority of the people in J&K do not speak Kashmiri as their mother tongue. It’s Dogri, Gujjari, Punjabi, Ladhaki , Pahari etc.*
_Only 33 % people in Kashmir speak Kashmiri this group controls narrative from Hurriyat to militants and from NC and PDP._
_This 33% controls *business, bureaucracy agriculture*. This sunni 33% is opposed to India although population of all other muslims in JK is 69 %._
*Shias (12%), Gujjars Muslims (14%), Pahadi Muslims ( 8%), Buddhists , Pandits, Sufis, Christians and Jammu Hindus/ Dogras ( aprox 45%) are totally opposed to separatism and Pakistan.*
_Stone pelting , Hoisting of Pakistani flags Anti India demonstrations are held in just 5 Districts in Kashmir valley._
*Other 17 districts have never participated in such activities.*
*Poonch and Kargil have above 90% Muslim population. There has never been an Anti India or separatist protest in these districts.*
_It is only the_ *Anti National Media and other Anti India forces* _who with their own nefarious designs have_ *created an impression that “WHOLE J&K” is against India.*
_*Whereas the truth is that  just 15% of the Population comprising Sunni Muslims inhabitating 5 Districts of Kashmir province are fanning the separatist activities.*
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