Archive for November, 2010

The Great Scot – Robert Luis Stevenson …

Posted on November 25, 2010. Filed under: Guide Posts, The Grand Scots |

Robert Louis Stevenson was a Scottish novelist greatly admired by, among others, Hemingway, Kipling, Nabokov and Chesterton. Here are some of his gems.

An aim in life is the only fortune worth finding. To be what we are, and to become what we are capable of becoming, is the only end of life. Our business is not to succeed but to continue to fail in good spirits.

There is no duty we so much under rate as the duty of being happy. By being happy we sow anonymous benefits upon the world. The habit of being happy enables one to be freed, or largely freed, from the domination of outward conditions.

Quiet minds cannot be perplexed or frightened, but go on in fortune or misfortune at their own private pace, like a clock in a thunderstorm. Life is not a matter of holding good cards, but of playing a poor hand well. Keep your fears to yourself, but share your courage with others.

Keep your eyes open to your mercies. The man who forgets to be thankful has fallen asleep in life. So long as we love, we serve. Don’t judge each day by the harvest you reap, but by the seeds you plant.

Every heart that has beat strongly and cheerfully has left a hopeful impulse behind it in the world, and bettered the tradition of mankind. There is an idea among moral people that they should make their neighbors good; but one person I have to make good is myself. My duty to my neighbor is better expressed by saying that I have to make him happy.

Every one lives by selling something. Compromise is the best and cheapest lawyer.

Absences are a good influence in love and keep it bright and delicate. But marriage is like life – it is a field of battle, not a bed of roses. Marriage, makes a man slack and selfish; he undergoes a fatty degeneration of his moral being.  

You can forgive people who do not follow your philosophical discussion but to find your wife laughing when you have tears in your eyes or staring when you were full of laughter, should suffice to dissolve the marriage.

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Just Eight Minutes …

Posted on November 22, 2010. Filed under: From a Services Career, Light plus Weighty |

Einstien is supposed to have said;
“Any man who enjoys marching to the sound of martial music, received his brain by mistake – the spinal column would have sufficed!”.
Maybe just for once the Great Man was Wrong!
Over to the Norwegians … For Just Eight Minutes
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The Battle of Walong, Oct 21st – Nov 17th, 1962 …

Posted on November 18, 2010. Filed under: From a Services Career |

In 1962, Nehru’s Panch Sheel and his protege’ Krishna Menon’s handling of the Defense portfolio, resulted in the worst ever drubbing of the Indian Army. There were a number of places where the Indian Army did bring credit to itself and Walong was one such.

This is the story of that battle. Sadly even some 48 years after the event, the Henderson Brooks Inquiry Report into the debacle has not seen the light of day. Possibly for fear of compounding our difficulties with the Chinese.

The Macro Background

India gained Independence in 1947 and China became a Peoples Republic in 1949. While India propagated the Five Principles of Non Alignment, the Chinese invaded Tibet in 1949 itself and ten years thereafter the Dalai Lama fled to India. The British had maintained Tibetan integrity and had a garrison in Lhasa.

More dangerously China, for better connectivity to its Western region, built a road through the Aksai Chin plateau, thereby annexing thousands of square miles of Ladakh. Ninety percent of the territory taken by China was Indian and ten percent was under Pakistani control. All this while India slept and hence the  fait accomli.

When India woke up, Nehru justified the lapse by terming the Aksai Chin,  “a desolate, barren region where not a blade of grass grows”. The pragmatic Chinese Premier Zhou en Lai, while endorsing Nehru’s Panch Sheel, always maintained that there was NO Border dispute – because China had taken what it needed.

However to counter the Indian charge in Ladakh, the Chinese claimed that the whole of Arunachal Pradesh was Tibetan and hence Chinese. It said it did not recognize the Macmohan Line or any other border in the East.

An example of Chinese forwardness. In the Walong Sector in 1958, a Chinese patrol of some 40 soldiers was found camping some 20 miles South of Walong. When accosted, the responce was that they had lost their way! How that could be done in that narrow valley,  stretches the imagination.

The sordid, indeed pitiful, details leading to the commencement of the War have been covered in, among others, Brig Dalvi’s Himalayan Blunder. So let it be said here that the India Chinese Conflict of 1962 began when India tried to dislodge the Chinese from the Thagla Ridge – several hundred miles to the West of Walong.

Re the Actual IB please refer -.

It all began on 20 Oct 62 when instigated by the Indian theatrics, the fully prepared and thorough Chinese launched their Mountain Blitzkrieg. That made the Indian Army, not recoil but flee back helter skelter. Having made their point the Chinese added insult to injury by unilaterally declaring a cease fire and pulling back to the prewar positions.

The Opposing Armies

Mao ze Dong’s People’s Liberation Army had ejected the American supported Chiang kai Shek’s Nationalists to Taiwan. Thereafter it had fought to a stand still the UN Forces (read US and UK) in the Korean War.

Bill Slim had two Chinese Divisions under him in Burma in 1942. He makes two observations about them in his Defeat into Victory. While praising the Chinese as a soldier, he says their formations needed no administrative support what so ever. They simply lived off the land. He says whole railway stations would disappear complete with rail lines and rolling stock, should they be in the vicinity. The other point he makes is that ‘tme’ meant nothing what so ever to them. If they had been ordered to attack on a particular day, they would attack after a day or more – whenever.

The Indian Army had an ethos and reputation for valor which went back several centuries. However, after Independence, the idealistic Nehru and the Congress thought that the Defense Forces were a waste of national wealth and better reduced and employed for gainful development work like construction.

The first officer to be bestowed the prestigious Param Vashist Seva Medal was Gen BM Kaul, a distant kin of Nehru. The citation read – ” For successfully completing the project ‘Amar’ which entailed the construction of 1,450 quarters for troops in Ambala. This was the first project of its kind and was completed through hot weather and the monsoons in the face of numerous problems. Lt.-Gen. Kaul overcame these difficulties by dint of hard work and initiative of the highest order. He displayed organising ability, drive, and resourcefulness. It was by his determination, leadership and personal example that the task was completed by due date.” Pretty Pathetic Indeed.

Gen KS Thimaya (who together with Field Marshals  Kipper Carriapa and Sam Manekshaw ranks among the Armies three greatest Chiefs) , was so humiliated by Krishna Menon, then Defence Minister, that he tendered his resignation. It took all of Nehru’s guile and charm to dissuade the vastly popular and principled man of honor, from going through with it. The event broke the great man’s heart and vastly diminished his stature.

Thereafter the pliable Thapar, who had been made Chief instead of Gen SPP Thorat, who had been recommended by Thimaya and who had made an Appreciation on How to deal with a Chinese Attack and had recommended fighting at the Road Heads and his view had been accepted by Thimaya. Thapar was supposed to do a fill in time till Nehru could bring in Gen BM Kaul who was a Service Corps officer with Nehru’s  Kashmiri background. Above all he was least  a leader who could inspire and lead troops into battle.

Terrain Overview

Walong is the largest small town in the remotest North Eastern Corner of India. It lies in a narrow valley, on the banks of the North-South running Lohit River, which is called Telu by the locals and is the Eastern most tributary of the Brahmaputra River.

Walong has a small airfield but only the smaller type aircraft can use it. It is some 20 miles South of the International Border with Tibet in the North.

It was then reached by a 150 mile long foot track running on the West Bank of the Lohit River (mind you, not mule track), from Teju – the District HQ of Lohit Division. Teju served as the road head after several river crossings by boat and ferries from mainland Assam.

From the IB, some 20 miles North of Walong, the main communication is along the track on the West Bank of the Lohit River. A small post, Kibithu lies couple miles South of the IB.

On the Tibet side there was a class 9 road, meaning fit for buses and large trucks, which ended a mere 2 miles short of the International Border. So much for the logistic differential.

Terrain – Broad Overview of the Battle Area

Terrain on the East Bank of the Lohit River is not really relevant to the battle. East of Walong and the Lohit River is a large impassable mountain massif. It ends in the South where the Sati Nullah flows from the East into the Lohit River at Walong. There is a small track coming from the North up to Walong on the East Bank of the Lohit River.

Large patrols can reach Walong along the Sati Nullah but they would need to cross two perenially snow bound over 3k meter passes (the Jachep and Chhu Passes) from the Tibet and Burma side to reach the origin of this Nullah. This approach is only fit for small special forces groups.

South of the Sati Nullah is another mountain massif, which is scantily used by even the locals and has only game tracks on it.

On the Western side of the Lohit River and parallel to it, runs a North South Mountain Water Shed or spine. This has numerous massive spurs separated by nullahs flowing down to the Lohit River on the East and a smaller River on its West. This spine is over 3k meters height.

Terrain Pertinent to the Battle.

On this North South Watershed running West and parallel to the Lohit Valley in the area of Walong, there is one massive spur leading East from the Water Shed for a couple miles.

From that point it breaks into three spurs and hence this point is named Tri Jn.

For easier understanding, imagine a downward turned Left Hand, with the Ring Finger, Middle Finger and Index Finger all sloping down from Tri Jn towards the West Bank of the Lohit River.

These three fingers correspond to the North Eastern Spur, Center Spur and the South Eastern Spur. The Middle Finger or Center Spur ends above Walong. The Ring Finger or North East Spur makes out flanking of defencss on the Middle Finger or Center Spur possible. The Index Finger or the South East Spur makes it possible to cut off the Walong garrison by getting behind it.

The North Eastern Spur ends a mile or two North of Walong. The Center Spur directly overlooks Walong. The South Eastern Spur, ends some 5 miles South of Walong.

The Center Spur, together with Tri Jn was the main area of  this Battle.

The Center Spur’s end forms an impregnable defense position for about a platoon. This area is called ‘Ladders. Machine guns from here make direct forward movement impossible from the North.

The Center Spur is massive having smaller spurs going down North Eastward and South Eastward. These have good defense positions and all of them together make the entire spur fit for a brigade and more to deploy.

Some defense positions can also be occupied East of the Lohit River, both North and South of the Sati Nullah.

Height differential between Tri Jn and Lohit River is over 10,000 ft and the distance is about ten miles – a hard two day march from the Valley, for troops carrying loads.

Indian Deployment at Walong

Till 1959, the IB at Walong was sentineled by the Assam Rifles, which come under the Home Ministry. The first army unit to be deployed was 2 Rajput which was replaced by 6 Kumaon in Apr ’62 with the main unit at Walong.

However in first week Sep, the unit was moved forward to Kibithu which is a couple miles from the IB and a company deployed ahead and slightly to its NE on MacMohan Ridge.

Walong was ordered to be reinforced by 4 Sikh but as the staff at the HQ (and perhaps the Air Force too), was unfamiliar with the area, only two companies were air landed at Walong, while the HQ and the two other companies were air landed at Along – since their was confusion in the names of Walong and Along over the radio.

The Sikhs were deployed at Ladders and surrounding localities.

The Chinese initially began operations with a Regiment, which corresponds to the Indian brigade. They built this up and by war’s end there was a whole division plus involved in the final battle.

The Battle Phase I – Oct 21 to Oct 25 – The Opening Rounds

On Night Oct 20/21, the PLA cleared the Kumaoni Company from MacMohan Ridge and before they could attack the remainder of 6 Kumaon at Kibithu, the unit was ordered back to man the defenses at Walong, leaving behind a Screen Pusition overlooking a small Nullah. This was Capt Bikram’s Company, which after it had drawn first blood, was ordered back after a grim battle with the boisterous supremely confident Chinese.

Within two days, the remainder of 4 Sikh along with two companies of 2/8 Gurkhas were flown in and the command of the Garrison taken over by CO 4 Sikh from CO 6 Kumaon.

The cock a hoop and swaggering Chinese, showing scant respect for the Indian Army, put in two strong day light frontal attacks on Oct 24 and 25.

The Chinese had been confidently advancing Southward along the single track from the North on the West Bank of the Lohit River.The Sikhs and Gurkhas had field days as they caught the attacking Chinese, with their machine guns enfilade (along their main axis) as they came forward with restricted space for deployment or out flanking movements.

The Chinese took a big hit as they fled back and out of range. To their credit, let it be said that under cover of the smoke from fires they had lit, the Chinese came back and honorably carried away their dead. A fair estimate of casualties – all Chinese, would conservatibly be between a hundred and two hundred.

The Battle Phase 2 –  Oct 26 to Nov 3 -The Lull Period.

Indian Activity in the lull period.

The Corps Commander was Gen BM Kaul (the would be future Chief), but as he was away to Delhi, the officiating Corps Commander, Gen Harbaksh of the Sikhs, visited Walong on Oct 27. This super professional (whose personal orders resulted in the whole of 4 Sikh along with their CO, being made POW in ’65) ruled that 6 Kumaon, 4 Sikh and two companies of 2/8 Gurkhas were adequate to hold Walong.

Hence under Gen Harbaksh’s orders, back went the two companies of 2/8 Gurkhas alongwith the newly arrived two companies of 3/3 Gurkhas – which had just reached Walong after a gruelling 150 miles march by foot from Tezu.

General Harbaksh had also brought along Brig Hartley MC of the Sikhs to take over the Walong Garrison from CO 4 Sikh.

However Gen BM Kaul returned from Delhi and visited Walong on Oct 29. He directed Brig NC Rawlley, who had Major AK Handoo as BM of his 5 Brigade, to take over on Oct 31.

Gen Kaul also ordered the raising of 2nd Mountain Division. Brig Rawlley ordered the poor 3/3 Gurkha companies to once again turn around and come back to Walong. He also requested for three more battalions to hold a brigade defended area at Hayuliang, which is some 75 miles to the rear of Walong and half way to Tezu.

Walong now became the scene of feverish activity what with the fly in of the remainder of 3/3 Gurkhas, some artillery and engineers and administrative units. The 2/8 Gurkhas were flown out.

At that time food supplies for three days, arillery and mortar ammunition barely adequate to repulse one attack and small arms ammunition for facing two attacks, was all that was held.

Chinese Activity in the lull period

Having got a bloody nose in their initial attacks, what were the Chinese doing during this period? They were busy preparing for an out flanking attack by moving up the North Eastern Spur or Ring Finger –  but not without the Sikh machine guns on Center Spur or Middle Finger, harrying and harrasing them as they moved up westward, trying to outflank them on Center Spur.

The Chinese in these ten days managed to establish themselves on two heights on the extreme West of Center Spur and about a mile or so east of Tri Jn. These positions were named Green and Yellow Pimple by the Brigade.

The Chinese had managed to deploy about a company plus on each and these were continuously being built up. The Chinese were also stocking these positions with mortar and other ammunition and supplies.

Chinese patrols were also spotted on the East Bank track of the Lohit River, forward of Walong. Chinese activity certainly indicated that they were preparing to launch a major attack. Their preparation was sure and deliberate.

Phase 3  –  Nov 3 to Nov 13 – Jockeying for Position

From Nov 3 onwards Sikh and Assam Rifle patrols were fired upon from Green Pimple. However the venturesome Sikhs had established themselves in an area they named Patrol Base so that they could more effectively interfere with the movement of the Chinese going up North Eastern Spur and towards the two Pimples they had occupied.

From Nov 6, a company under the valiant Lieut Bikram Singh of 6 Kumaon and a course mate, launched repeated probes and attacks on Green Pimple from the South – but with little success. The Chinese proved to be strongly entrenched and young Bikram was killed leading one attack. The company established itself on an area they named West Ridge, in order to keep Green Pimple under observation.

On Nov 11, Kumaoni patrols reported to brigade that Tri Jn was not held. The Corps Commander, Gen Kaul, who was visiting, approved a plan for 6 Kumaon to attack Yellow Pimple from Tri Jn, complete with artillery and mortar support. Tri Jn was secured on Nov 12 by a strong patrol of 6 Kumaon. This would of course have warned the Chinese –  if warning was necessary.

At last light Nov 11, 6 Kumaon had a company on the East of Lohit River. As such this company had to cross the river to the West Bank and then climb some 10,000 ft with equipment and ammunition together with the rest of the battalion for launchng the attack. It took 6 Kumaon the better part of two days, Nov 12 and 13 to establish it self at Tri Jn.

It had to carry man pack all supplies and ammunition, including mortars and machine gun ammunition, needed for the battalion attack.

By late evening on Nov 13, 6 Kumaon had estabished it self on Tri Jn. It received orders from the brigade to attack Yellow and Green Pimples the very next day ie Nov 14.

The Battle Part 4 – Nov 14 to N0v 17 – Indian Attack and the Chinese Riposte.

The Commanding Officer represented that the unit had just reached Tri Jn and no preparations for an attack including reconnaisance of enemy positions had been carried out by company and platoon commanders.

He strongly recommended that his unit be given at least one day for proper preparation before he could launch the attack. The CO was told that Nov 14 was Nehru’s birthday and Gen Kaul wanted to give a ‘victory’ gift to Nehru on his birthday.

When the CO persisted and said that he could give no guarantee of success, he was told he could either attack or be removed from command.

With such a background and without the company and platoon commanders ever having seen their objectives, the unit launched an attack with two companies at first light on Nov 14.

Due to inadequate preparation, there was no artillery or mortar supporting fire which fell on the objective. Still the attack made some progress but under strong small arms and machine gun fire, it ground to a halt some fifty yards short of the objective.

Though the attacking force was reinforced by two platoons, it could make no further progress. The troops were ordered to dig down where they were and defend themselves.

The attack along a narrow ridge with little space for proper deployment and without any covering fire had been easy to halt.

At 2230 hrs that night, the Chinese counter attacked and the Kumaonis were forced back onto Tri Jn.

Out of the over 200 men that had gone into the attack, only 90 returned.

The Chinese launched their first attack on 15 Nov at 4-30 am. The defenders repulsed this attack with heavy losses on the enemy.

The second attack was launched after last light on the same day and was also repulsed as during that period, Tri Jn had been reinforced by a company of 4 Dogra, which had reached after having broken through the Chinese blocking positions.

The Third Attack was launched at 7-30 am on Nov 17. It was preceded by very heavy and accurate on target 120mm mortar fire. After some very heavy and bitter fighting, Tri Jn was captured by the Chinese by 1000 hrs Nov 17

Simultaneous attacks had also been launched by the Chinese along the entire front. They employed infiltration tactics  between company defense localities with telling effect.

The Chinese extracted full revenge on the Sikh positions which had interfered with their build up on Green and Yellow Pimples as also the defences on Ladders which had caused them so much grief at the start of the battle. The Ladders position held fast and was only abandoned on Nov 17 after the Corps Commander, had ordered withdrawal from Walong.

In a separate operation on the same day, a strong Chinese column raced down the South Eastern Spur or Index Finger and reached the track, some 5 miles South of Walong. This effectively bottled up and cut of the Indian Garrison.

Some artillery and other personnel, ala Jim Suri, another friend, among them, saved themselves from going into the POW bag by moving on game tracks on the East Bank of the Lohit River, to eventually reach Hayuliang.

Lieut YR Palta of  the Sikhs, another course mate,  was killed in the Chinese attack on the Sikh position guarding the East Bank of the Lohit River, North of Walong.


Out of a total Indian garrisson  strength of 2191, the killed were 17%, the wounded 13% and 16% were taken POW – making a total casualty figure of 46% –  which is pretty awesome.

The gallantry  awards were one Maha Vir Chakra and nine Vir Chakras.

As for the Chinese, the three large grave yards at Bathithwang, Tithong and Chikhong, are ample testimony to their war dead.

In the final analysis, the units at Walong, even in defeat, upheld the name and honor of the Indian Army and made the nation proud.

Some Observations.

The Brigade Commander as well as the brigade major were Guardsmen who both became Army Commanders. Navin C Rawlley and Ashok K Handoo were men of substance and commanded professional respect.

Yet, it is pathetic to read how much they, along with the then Army, were out of touch with professional reality.

Their orders had said that the Walong Battle was to be fought in three phases.

Phase 1- the Chinese attack was to be repulsed. Phase 2 – the brigade was to advance to the IB. Phase 3 – the brigade was to march into Tibet!!!

Alas, this was the state of professionalism that existed in those days – the Army was out of professional depth and not in touch with reality.

Future Generations, should take oath akin to the Israelis, who before commissioning vow that their ancient Mazda forttess shall never fall.


Sadly, some 21 years later in 1983, the Indian Army was proposing to fight its main battle well back at Hayuliang, upto where a class 9 road had then been built.

At Walong, the dispositions for a brigade defensive battle, were the same as they had been in 1962!!!

Even prior to General K Sunderji’s Forward Posture of 1985,  the Corps Comdr Gen KB Mehta, another Guardsman, developed, for his promotion or award, a brand new brigade defended sector at Chagwanti. This lies in disuse and decay!  

How ever a class 9 road was extended from Hayuliang to Walong. And now a twice a week bus connects that forward town.

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Chanakya – the Indian Machiavelli …

Posted on November 17, 2010. Filed under: Books, Guide Posts, Indian Thought |

Chanakya probably lived from BCE 350 to 283. He was the chief architect of Chandragupta’s (the first Maurya Emperor) rise to power. He  served as his adviser and prime minister. Famed for his practical good sense and real politick, Chanakya is referred in the Western World as ‘The Indian Machiavelli’. Here are some of his gems.

If one has a good disposition, what other virtue is needed? If a man has fame, what is the value of other ornamentation?

A man is born alone and dies alone. He alone experiences the good and bad consequences of his karma. And he goes alone to hell or the Supreme abode.

There is no austerity equal to a balanced mind and there is no virtue greater than mercy. There is no happiness which equals contentment and there is no disease like covetousness

He who is overly attached to his family will experience fear and sorrow – for the root of all grief is attachment. Thus one should discard attachment to be happy.

Before you start some work, always ask yourself three questions – Why am I doing it? Will I be successful? What will be the result of success or failure? Only go ahead when you find satisfactory answers to these questions.

Do not be afraid of failure and do not abandon it. People who work sincerely are the happiest.

The one excellent thing that can be learned from a lion is that whatever a man intends doing should be done by him with whole-hearted and strenuous effort.

Do not reveal what you have thought upon doing, but by wise council keep it secret. The biggest guru-mantra is – “Never share your secrets with anybody”. Otherwise it will destroy you.

As soon as the fear approaches near, attack and destroy it.

The serpent, the king, the tiger, the stinging wasp, the small child, the dog owned by other people, and the fool. These seven ought not to be awakened from sleep.

There is poison in the fang of the serpent, in the mouth of the fly and in the sting of a scorpion. But the wicked man is saturated with it.

A person should not be too honest. Straight trees are cut first. Even if a snake is not poisonous, it should pretend to be venomous

As a single withered tree, if set aflame, causes a whole forest to burn, so does a rascal son destroy a whole family.

Never make friends with people who are above or below you in status. Such friendships will never give you any happiness. There is some self-interest behind every friendship. There is no friendship without self-interests. This is a bitter truth.

One whose knowledge is confined to books and whose wealth is in the possession of others, can use neither his knowledge nor wealth, when the need for them arises.

Test a servant while in the discharge of his duty, a relative in difficulty, a friend in adversity, and a wife in misfortune.

The world’s biggest power is the youth and beauty of a woman.

God is not present in idols. Your feelings are your god. The soul is your temple.

The fragrance of flowers spreads only in the direction of the wind. But the goodness of a person spreads in all directions.

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Some not often used words …

Posted on November 16, 2010. Filed under: Vocabulary/Words |

Here are three words to describe some offensive types –

Jingo … jingoistic .. One who is a war monger .. the super aggresive type. He is the war proponent vis a vis the concialator. Not a very good quality.

Curmudgeon .. The churlish, ill mannered, boorish, negative type. Even the miserly type who hates tipping waiters.

Hellions … those given to devilry, dare devilry, rowdyism, noisily annoying. Making a nuisance.

Here are words about Personal Traits, Emotions, Actions –

Pomposity … Overly self  important; affected dignity, negatively proud. Even repelling, tactless, repulsive.

Billingsgate … vulgar, coares and abusive language used by the ill mannered and rude when quarrelling  “she poured forth such a flood of billingstate that the street quickly emptied itself of all decent folk”.

Decreptitude … state of enfeeblement primarily due to the ageing process

Incredulity … filled with doubt, skepticism …. disbelief.

Banality … insipid, flat,  trite, common place,

Animus … hatred, dislike – deep and active …

Contrition … sincere regret, sorrow for having done wrong.

Alacrity .. sharp, quick, prompt, positve responce  Eager and lively activity

Fortitude .. a positive quality meaning of resolute courage when facing adversity, misfortune and danger …

Some More Descriptive Words

Bastion .. Strong hold both physical and also used as a figure of speech – bastion of democracy

Leviathan … physically huge, vast .. like the sea or a huge animal .. or a pile of rubble ..

Frankenstein … a monster product which destroys its own maker …

Infinitude … of time and space … limitless, without end ..

Efficacy …  akin utility but more to the point .. the effciacy of the new policy was yet to be tested..

Limbo .. indefinite border or end .. ‘the issue was put in limbo’

Catharsis … a cleansing .. a purging of the soul or sordid ideas .. a personality or character change for the better  ..

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Collector’s Item – ‘Indian History’ by a Class X Student …

Posted on November 9, 2010. Filed under: Light plus Weighty, Searching for Success |

A Collector’s item! A Std X Student’s – ‘Brief History of India’. Among the better laugh riots …

“The original inhabitants of ancient India were called Adidases, who lived in two cities called Hariappa and Mujhe-na-Darao. These cities had the best drain system in the world and so there was no brain drain from them.

Ancient India was full of myths which have been handed down from son to father. A myth is a female moth. A collection of myths is called mythology, which means stories with female caricatures. One myth says that people in olden times worshipped monkeys because they were our incestors.

In olden times there were two big families in India. One was called the Pandava and the orher was called the Karova. They fought amongst themselves in a battle called Mahabharat, after which India came to be known as Mera Bharat Mahan.

In midevil times India was ruled by the Slave Dienasty. So named because they all died a nasty death. Then came the Tughlaqs who shifted their capital from Delhi because of its pollution. They were followed by the Mowglis.

The greatest Mowgli was Akbar because he extinguished himself on the battlefield of Panipat which is in Hurryana. But his son Jehangir was peace loving. He married one Hindu wife and kept 300 porcupines.

Then came Shah Jehan who had 14 sons. Family planning had not been invented at that time. He also built the Taj Mahal hotel for his wife who now sleeps there. The King sent all his sons away to distant parts of India because they started quarrelling. Dara Seiko was sent to UP. Shaikh Bhakhtiyar was sent to J & K while  Orangezip came to Bombay to fight Shivaji. However after that they changed its name to Mumbai because Shivaji’s Sena did not like it. They also do not like New Delhi so they are calling it Door Darshan.

After the Mowglis came Vasco the Gama.  He was an exploder who was circumcising India with a 100 foot clipper. Then came the British. They brought with them many inventions such as cricket, traintarts and steamed railways. They were followed by the French who brought in French fries, pizzazz and laundry. But Robert Clive drove them out when he defeated Duplex who was out membered since the British had the queen on their side.

Eventually the British came to overrule India because there was too much diversity in our unity. The British overruled India for a long period. They were great expotents and impotents. They started expoting salt from India and impoting cloth. This was not liked by Mahatma Gandhi who wanted them to produce his own salt. This was called the Swedish movement. During this moment, many people burnt their lion cloths in the street and refused to wear anything else. The British became very angry at this and stopped the production of Indian testiles.

In 1920, Mahatma Gandhi was married to one wife. Soon after he became father of  the nation. In 1942 he started the Quiet India moment. In 1947, India became free and its people became a limited mockery, which means the people are allowed to take the law into their own hands with the help of the police. Our constipation is the best in the world because it says no man can be hanged twice for the same crime. It also satys you cannot be put in prison if you have not paid your taxis.

Another important thing about our constipation is that it can be changed. This is not possible with the British constipation because it is not written on paper. The Indian Parlemint consists of two houses which are called lower and higher. This is because one Mr Honest Abe said that two houses divided against itself cannot withstand.

So Pandit Nehru asked the British for freedom at midnight since the British were afraid of  the dark. At midnight, on 15 Aug,   there was a tryst in Parlemint in which many participated by wearing khaki and hosting the flag.

Recently in India, there have been a large number of scams and a plaque. It can be dangerous because people died of plaque in Surat. Scams are all over India. One of these was in Bihar where holy cows were not given anything to eat by their elected leader. The other scam was in Bofor which is a small town in Switzerland. In this, a lot of Indian money was given to buy a gun which can shoot a coot.

Presently India has a coalishun government made up of many parties, left, right and centre. It has started to library the economy. This means that there is now no need for a licence as the economy will be driven by itself. India is also trying to become an Asian tiger because its own tigers are being poached. Another important event this year was the Shark meeting at Malas Drive. At this place, the shark leaders agreed to share poverty, pollution and population.”

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The Lord Buddha …

Posted on November 7, 2010. Filed under: Guide Posts, Indian Thought, Light plus Weighty |

Siddhārtha Gautama founded Budhism and is its primary figure. He probably lived from 563 to 483BCE. “Buddha” means “the awakened one” or “the enlightened one” and he is regarded as a god or prophet in Hinduism and by Ahmadiya Muslims and the Bah’ai faith. Because  Budhism has remained purely pacifist, it has always faced persecution. This is from Buddha’s thought –

Let us Rise Up and be Thankful. For if we did not learn a lot yesterday, at least we learnt a little. And if we did not learn a little, at least we did not fall sick. So let us all be Thankful.

The secret of existence is to have no fear. Never fear what will become of you. Depend on no one. Only the moment you reject all help, are you freed.

To be idle is a short road to death. To be diligent is a way of life. Foolish people are idle, wise people are diligent.

I do not believe in a fate that falls on men. I believe in a fate that falls on them unless they act. I never see what has been done. I only see what remains to be done. There are only two mistakes one can make – not going all the way, and not starting.

Health is the greatest gift. Contentment is the greatest wealth. Faithfulness is the best relationship. Have compassion for all beings. Rich and poor alike have their suffering.

Believe nothing, no matter where you read it, or who said it, no matter if I have said it, unless it agrees with your own reason and your own common sense.

You can search throughout the entire universe for someone who is more deserving of your love and affection than yourself, and that person is not to be found anywhere.

What we think, we become. The mind is everything. Train and use your mind to get what you want – rather than letting your mind use you to get what it wants. All that we are is the result of what we have thought.

We are formed and molded by our thoughts. We become what we think. With our thoughts, we make the world.

One must discipline and control one’s mind in order to enjoy good health, bring happiness to one’s family and peace all around.

It is a man’s mind, not his enemy or foe, that lures him to evil ways.
Peace comes from within. Do not seek it without.

In a controversy the instant we feel anger we have ceased striving for the truth. You will not be punished for your anger, you will be punished by your anger.

Words have the power to destroy and heal. The tongue is like a sharp knife – it kills without drawing blood.

When words are true and kind, they change our world. The wise ones fashioned speech with their thought, sifting it as grain is sifted through a sieve.

Nothing ever exists entirely alone. Everything is in relation to everything else. It is better to travel well, than to arrive.

Neither fire nor wind, neither birth nor death, can erase your good deeds. In life one must count nothing as one’s own in the midst of abundance.

It is better to conquer yourself than to win a thousand battles. Then the victory is yours. It cannot be taken from you, not by angels or by demons, heaven or hell.


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Diwali or Deepawali for Hindus, Jains, Sikhs …

Posted on November 5, 2010. Filed under: Indian Thought |

Deepavali or Diwali is the festival of lights. During Diwali, all share sweets with family members and friends. Most Indian business communities begin the financial year on the first day of Diwali.

Diwali commemorates the return of Lord Rama along with Sita and Lakshman from his fourteen year long exile and vanquishing Ravana. In joyous celebration of the return of their king, the people of Ayodhya, the Capital of Rama, illuminated the kingdom with earthen diyas (oil lamps) and burst crackers

Some believe it to be the celebration of the marriage of Lakshmi with Lord Vishnu. In Bengal the festival is dedicated to the worship of Mother Kali, the goddess of strength. Lord Ganesha, the symbol of auspiciousness and wisdom, is also worshiped in most Hindu homes on this day.

In Jainism, Deepawali has an added significance as the great event of Lord Mahavira attaining the eternal bliss or nirvana – the attainment of moksha in 527 BC.

In Sikhism, Deepavali also commemorates the return of Guru Har Gobind Ji to Amritsar after freeing 52 Hindu kings imprisoned in Fort Gwalior by defeating Emperor Jahangir. The people light candles and diyas to celebrate the Guru’s return. This is the reason Sikhs also refer to Deepavali as Bandi Chhorh Diyas, “the day of release of detainees”.

The first day of the festival, Naraka Chaturdasi, marks the vanquishing of the demon Naraka by Lord Krishna and his wife Satyabhama. Amavasya, the second day of Deepawali, marks the worship of Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth in her most benevolent mood, fulfilling the wishes of her devotees.

Amavasya also tells the story of Lord Vishnu, who in his dwarf incarnation vanquished the tyrant Bali, and banished him to hell. Bali was allowed to return to earth once a year, to light millions of lamps to dispel the darkness and ignorance and spread the radiance of love and wisdom.

It is on the third day of Deepawali — Kartika Shudda Padyami that Bali steps out of hell and rules the earth according to the boon given by Lord Vishnu. The fourth day is referred to as Yama Dvitiya (also called Bhai Dooj) and on this day sisters invite their brothers to their homes.

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Fastest Super Computer …

Posted on November 1, 2010. Filed under: Business |

A Chinese scientific research center has built the fastest supercomputer ever made, replacing the United States as maker of the swiftest machine and giving China bragging rights as a technology superpower.

The computer, known as Tianhe-1A, has 1.4 times the horsepower of the current top computer, which is at a national laboratory in Tennessee. The Chinese computer “blows away the existing No. 1 machine.”

The race to build the fastest supercomputer has become a source of national pride as these machines are valued for their ability to solve problems critical to national interests in areas like defense, energy, finance and science. Supercomputing technology also finds its way into mainstream business; oil and gas companies use it to find reservoirs and Wall Street traders use it for superquick automated trades.

And typically, research centers with large supercomputers are magnets for top scientific talent, adding significance to the presence of the machines well beyond just cranking through calculations.

Over the last decade, the Chinese have steadily inched up in the rankings of supercomputers. Tianhe-1A stands as the culmination of billions of dollars in investment and scientific development, as China has gone from a computing afterthought to a world technology superpower.

What is scary about this is that the U.S. dominance in high-performance computing is at risk. One could argue that this hits the foundation of US economic future.

For decades, the United States has developed most of the underlying technology that goes into the massive supercomputers and has built the largest, fastest machines at research laboratories and universities. Some of the top systems simulate the effects of nuclear weapons, while others predict the weather and aid in energy research.

In 2002, the United States lost its crown as supercomputing kingpin for the first time in stunning fashion when Japan produced a computer with more horsepower than the top 20 American computers combined. The United States government responded in kind, forming groups to plot a comeback and pouring money into supercomputing projects. The United States regained its leadership status in 2004, and has kept it, until now.

But now a second Chinese computer is expected to be in the top five, culminating years of investment.

The Japanese came out of nowhere and really caught people off guard but with China, you could see this one coming.

A long-running Chinese project to build chips to rival those from Intel and others remains under way and is not quite there yet, but it will be in a year or two.

The United States has plans in place to make much faster machines out of proprietary components and to advance the software used by these systems so that they are easy for researchers to use. But those computers remain years away, and for now, China is king.

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